We Primary Care - Best Primary Care Knowledge Site

Overview

For a majority of women, vaginal discharge is a frequent and natural occurrence. There are, however, a variety of discharges that might signify a physiological ailment. The abnormal discharge might be yellow or green in color and stinky.

The most prevalent cause of the abnormal discharge is a yeast or bacterial infection. Any discharge that seems abnormal or smells bad should be checked and treated by your doctor.

The discharge from the female reproductive system is an important aspect of the reproductive system. Dead cells and infections are carried away by a fluid produced by glands situated within the vagina and cervix. This helps to keep the vaginal area clean and prevents infection. It is normal to have discharged every day.

In the majority of situations, vaginal discharge is perfectly normal. Its volume, odor, and color (which may range from clear to milky whitish) can all change depending on where you are in your menstrual cycle at the moment. If you are ovulating, nursing, or sexually stimulated, for example, you will have excessive vaginal discharge. You may notice a difference in the odor if you are pregnant or if your personal hygiene has been neglected.

If the color, smell, or consistency of your pee differs significantly from normal, particularly if you are also experiencing vaginal itching or burning, you might have an infection or another issue.

Brown vaginal discharge is often thought to be normal, particularly if it happens during or immediately after the menstrual cycle, but it might be concerning. When you have a late period near the end of the cycle, the discharge may be brown instead of crimson. You may also experience a little quantity of bloody discharge between periods. This is referred to as spotting.

Brown or bloody discharge may be an indication of endometrial or cervical cancer in certain cases. Other issues, such as fibroids or other abnormal growths, are most likely present. This is why a pelvic examination and Pap smear should be done once a year. During these treatments, the gynecologist will do a cervical examination to look for any abnormalities.

Causes

Vaginal discharge is a normal part of the human body. It is the body’s way of cleaning and protecting the vaginal area. During times of sexual desire and ovulation, for example, discharge often rises. Physical activity, the use of birth control pills, and mental stress are all potential reasons for female fluid release.

The majority of the time, however, abnormal vaginal discharge is caused by an illness.

Bacterial vaginosis: The bacterial infection of bacterial vaginosis affects pregnant women. In certain cases, it might cause increased vaginal discharge with a strong, unpleasant, and even fishy odor, while in others, it can cause no symptoms. Women who indulge in oral sex or have several sexual partners are more likely to get the infection than the general population.

Yeast infection: A yeast infection is a fungal illness that manifests itself via a white, cottage cheese-like discharge, as well as burning and itching sensations. While yeast is common in the vaginal environment, its growth may become uncontrolled in certain conditions. Factors such as the following may increase the chance of having yeast infections: stress, diabetes, and birth control pill usage.

PID: Infections like PID i.e. pelvic inflammatory disease are transmitted mostly via sexual contact. The infection starts when germs travel up the vaginal wall and into the other reproductive organs. It has the ability to produce a large amount of foul-smelling discharge.

HPV or Cervical cancer: The spread of the human papillomavirus infection through sexual interaction may cause vaginal discharge. This sickness is linked to cervical cancer, which is a risk factor. The discharge from this kind of cancer might be red, brown, or watery in color and have an unpleasant odor, even if there are no symptoms. With annual Pap screenings and HPV testing, cervical cancer may be detected quickly.

When to see a doctor

If you experience an odd discharge along with other symptoms, you should see a doctor immediately. The following are some of the warning signs and symptoms to look out for:

·         Fever

·         Stomach ache

·         Itching

·         Pain and discomfort

·         Unexplained weight loss

·         Increased urination

Make an appointment with your physician if you have any concerns about the normality of a discharge.

If you suspect your vaginal discharge has altered, call your doctor right away! This is particularly important if you have just had sex since it might be an indication of an STD. The majority of reasons for vaginal discharge are treatable.