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Testicle pain is a kind of discomfort that occurs in or around one or both testicles. Occasionally, testicular discomfort is caused by an issue elsewhere in the body, such as the groin or abdomen, and manifests as pain in one or both testicles which is known as referred pain.

Testicular pain may be caused by an emergency condition known as testicular torsion. It may be caused by a single traumatic event, inflammation, sexually transmitted infections, or a combination of these things. Scrotal soreness and swelling are often reported symptoms of this condition, which may linger for many weeks. Additionally, testicular discomfort or sore testicles may be suggestive of more serious conditions, such as testicular cancer.

Men of any age may have testicular pain. The testicles are little egg-shaped reproductive organs, and the scrotum is a small pouch of skin that surrounds them. The testicles are enclosed inside the scrotum.

You may have pain in one or both testicles at the same time if you have testicular discomfort.

Testicular pain may be acute i.e. it begins quickly and lasts for a short period of time or chronic i.e. it lasts for a long time. Males may feel terrible testicular pain due to the high density of sensitive nerves in the testicles.

If the discomfort lasts more than an hour or is really intense, you should seek medical attention because it might indicate an emergency condition called testicular torsion, which requires immediate medical attention.

A health care specialist will evaluate a patient’s history and conduct a physical examination in order to ascertain the underlying cause of testicular pain. Additional laboratory testing and imaging exams may be advised based on the health care professional’s assessment including urinalysis, ultrasonography and CT scanning.


If you have just been wounded or engaged in an accident, the source of the testicular discomfort may be obvious, but in other cases, the origin of pain may be unknown.

Several reasons might induce testicular pain, including the following:

Trauma: Sports, exercise, or an accident may all cause testicular injury leading to aching testicles.

Infection: A bacterial or viral infection may induce inflammation i.e. swelling and a burning sensation of one or both testicles.

Inguinal hernia: When a part of the intestine pushes through a weak area in the abdominal muscles surrounding the groin, it causes an inguinal hernia due to which the balls hurt.

Epididymitis: It is a condition caused by inflammation of the epididymis which is a network of tiny tubes that carry sperm. The symptoms include ball ache, pain, and inflammation. Swollen scrotums that are hot to the touch may also occur.

Cyst: A spermatocele is a fluid-filled region in the epididymis around the testicle that may form. These cysts are not cancerous and are usually not bothersome, however, they may sometimes grow to be very large and cause pain.

Hydroceles: When fluid builds up around the testicles, it’s called a hydrocele. Hydroceles are common and may cause pain in the right testicle.

Hematocele: It is a blood clot that develops around the testicle. This usually happens as a result of an injury.

Varicocele:It is a grouping of abnormally large veins surrounding the testicles. These large veins might cause a dull aching in the affected testicle during normal activities. Since it mostly occurs in the left testicle, the individual may have left testicle pain.

Testicle torsion: The twisting of the testicle’s blood supply is known as torsion. When the blood supply to the testicle is cut off, the outcome is a severe, excruciating discomfort.

Kidney stones: They are more prone to form when you are dehydrated. Stones in the ureters may cause pain in the back, groin, or scrotum.

Vasectomy: Men who have had a vasectomy may have testicular pain as a result of the treatment. Increased pressure in the vas deferens or epididymis may cause discomfort, which might appear as post-vasectomy pain syndrome.

Testicular Cancer: In men aged 15 to 35, testicular cancer is the most common kind of cancer. A dull aching or soreness in the groin or testicles, testicular enlargement or heaviness, and lower abdominal or scrotum agony are all possible symptoms.

When to see a doctor

If you are experiencing testicular discomfort or swelling, you should see your doctor right away, particularly if the pain becomes worse or if you feel nauseous. If you experience any of the signs of testicular torsion, you should seek medical assistance as soon as possible.

If you have any of the following symptoms, contact your physician to schedule an appointment:

·         Protrusion on scrotum

·         Your scrotum is red, hot to the touch, or painful

·         Fever

·         Sudden pain