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Overview

Rectal bleeding is a typical sign of a broad variety of medical conditions. When you have rectal bleeding, you may see blood on your toilet paper, in the water in the toilet bowl, and in your feces. The color of blood ranges from bright red to dark maroon to black.

You may see different hues of blood, which may help you figure out where the bleeding is coming from.

People with hemorrhoids, anal fissures, IBD i.e. inflammatory bowel disease, ulcers, or colon cancer are more likely to have rectal or anal bleeding. Hematochezia which is the passage of blood from the anus might range from inconsequential to a warning indication of a potentially dangerous ailment like colorectal cancer.

Rectal bleeding might be a symptom of a more serious underlying illness that can be readily treated.  It may occasionally indicate the presence of a dangerous illness such as colorectal cancer. Keeping note of any bleeding that happens at any time is critical. If it is severe, occurs often, or causes you concern, see a doctor. Blood from the anus should be reported to your doctor right away since it might indicate a significant medical problem that has to be addressed.

The underlying cause of the bleeding may generally be treated. It is often a sign of a more serious problem that needs immediate care. When the underlying issue is addressed, the bleeding usually ceases. Depending on the issue, a variety of treatment methods may be available. Anal fissures are a transitory condition that may be treated with lotions and ointments. Hemorrhoids, like constipation, are a frequent cause of rectal bleeding that may be treated with dietary modifications and increased water consumption, or surgically. Cancer is a common cause of life-threatening rectal bleeding. When you are diagnosed with cancer, your doctor will devise a treatment plan for you, which may include tumor excision if necessary.

Causes

Recurrent bleeding can be caused by a variety of ailments ranging from mild to severe, as well as unusual circumstances that require immediate medical attention.

Rectal bleeding can be caused by a variety of factors, including the ones listed below:

Hemorrhoids: The most frequent cause of rectal bleeding is hemorrhoids, which are bulging veins in the rectum or anus. Chronic constipation, straining during bowel movements, pregnancy, lifting heavy things, having anal intercourse, and having a greater body weight are all factors that might develop hemorrhoids.

Anal fissure: It is a split or rupture in the skin surrounding the genital area. This disease occurs due to very hard stool that is tough to pass through. The skin tears apart as a result of the increased pressure created by the bowel movement. If you have an anal fissure, you may see blood in the toilet and have burning sensations during bowel movements.

Anal fistula and abscess: Within the anus, there are a few small glands that help with faces transit. These glands may get infected, resulting in abscesses or fistulae. An abscess develops when the gland inside the anus becomes clogged with pus. These problems might be caused by inflammatory bowel disease, tuberculosis, or radiation therapy resulting in the appearance of blood from the rectum.

Polyps: Rectal or butt bleeding may occur if you have a large polyp. If left untreated, polyps may develop into cancerous tumors. Since rectal bleeding caused by polyps might be an indication of colorectal cancer, it is vital to have this checked out immediately.

Ulcer: An imbalance of digestive juices in the intestines may harm the lining of the digestive tract, leading to ulcers. They may bleed sometimes, resulting in black faces with a tar-like appearance.

Inflammatory bowel disorder: Swelling of the small or large intestine is a symptom of IBD. Crohn’s disease, as well as colitis, are two kinds of IBD associated with rectal bleeding. Crohn’s disease is a digestive system disorder in which some parts of the digestive tract swell. The large intestine is the primary location of inflammation in colitis.

When to see a doctor

Consult your doctor if you experience any of the following symptoms:

·         Discomfort around the bottom part

·         Ache or lump in the abdomen

·         Weight loss for no apparent reason

If you have substantial rectal bleeding and any indications of shock, you should seek medical help:

·         Dizziness or lightheadedness

·         Foggy vision

·         Nausea

It is crucial to seek medical attention if you are experiencing rectal bleeding. It might be a symptom of a more severe underlying health problem that requires medical attention. If you are bleeding a lot or passing blood in your bowel movements, you should visit a doctor right away. A variety of dangerous conditions may induce rectal bleeding, which requires prompt medical treatment.