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Overview

Petechiae are prevalent and may be indicative of a variety of disorders ranging from mild to quite severe.

Petechiae are little bleeding spots beneath the skin or on the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat. They are purple, red, and brown pinpoint-sized dots. They are not abrasive or bumpy.

They seem rash. Broken capillaries, which are little blood vessels under the skin’s surface, generate these tiny red spots on the skin.

They may be found all over the body, however, they’re most common on arms, face, butt, legs, stomach, and eyes.

Petechiae in babies may be seen on the upper arms, lower thighs, belly, and buttocks. Petechiae that continue to develop and fuse together might indicate a bleeding condition in the baby.

In the presence of a fever, scattered petechiae may indicate the existence of a life-threatening illness that needs rapid medical attention. If the spots are caused by a bleeding problem, the underlying illness must be addressed as well. It is possible that your kid may need more testing in order to get a diagnosis.

If you or your kid gets inexplicable or severe petechiae, seek medical help. It is critical to figure out what is causing the issue since certain underlying conditions might be dangerous.

The rash does not need medical attention. If the spots are caused by a virus, they should disappear after the illness has been removed. If you suspect your petechiae were caused by a small occurrence, such as constant coughing, vomiting, or weightlifting, you may be able to treat them at home by taking rest and preventing dehydration. It is critical to drink plenty of water. In the case of bacterial infections, antibiotics may be required. Hospitalization may be required for more severe conditions such as blood problems, or cancer.

Causes

Petechiae may be caused by a range of circumstances, ranging from simple and treatable causes to serious illnesses. Some of the causes are discussed below:

Endocarditis

It is an infection of the heart’s inner lining that damages the heart muscle. It results in petechiae development.

Infection

Petechiae may be caused by bacterial infections like strep throat with scarlet. Infections with viruses such as cytomegalovirus and Hantavirus may potentially be dangerous.

Irritation or Allergy

Petechiae may form as a consequence of skin irritation. A car accident, a bite, skin friction, or even sunburn are all factors that might occur leading to the development of petechiae on the face or other affected area.

Leukemia

It is a blood cancer that also affects the bone marrow. This illness may express itself in a variety of ways, including weight loss, swollen glands, easy bleeding or bruising, nosebleeds, and night sweats along with petechiae.

Mononucleosis

It is a viral infection that is especially common among teenagers. In certain individuals, it might cause fatigue, headaches, sore throats, swollen glands and tonsils, and a high fever.

Straining

Blood vessels under the skin may rupture as a result of straining, which is harmful. This is true in circumstances such as throwing up, lifting something really heavy, or giving birth.

Thrombocytopenia

It is a condition in which the platelet count is low, making it difficult for the blood to clot. Easy bruising, bleeding nose, blood in urine or stool along with petechiae around eyes are the main symptoms of this condition.

Vasculitis

It is the inflammation (swelling) of the blood vessels leading to petechiae.

Hemorrhagic Fever

In situations of viral hemorrhagic fevers, the body’s capacity to clot blood is weakened which is associated with petechiae.

Medications

Some medicines like antidepressants, sedatives, blood thinners, antibiotics and malaria drugs may also cause petechiae.

When to see a doctor

Petechiae should always be examined by a healthcare professional since they may be an indication of a significant health issue.

If you or your kid gets petechiae, seek medical attention right away. Petechiae may be caused by a variety of underlying conditions, some of which are serious and need treatment. It is hard to know whether you have a moderate or severe illness without seeing your doctor for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

You should call your doctor if you have any of the following significant symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Confusion
  • Alterations in consciousness
  • Difficulty breathing

If you acquire petechiae as a result of a bacterial or viral illness, you should seek medical attention right away. If you experience petechiae as a pharmaceutical side effect, this symptom should go away after you stop taking the drug.

Petechiae are little bleeding spots under the skin’s surface. These symptoms might be caused by a minor injury, straining, or a more serious condition. Consult your physician promptly if you discover little red patches under your skin that are rapidly spreading or if you have petechiae in addition to other symptoms.