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Overview

Nausea and vomiting are indicators and symptoms of a number of illnesses, including food poisoning, motion sickness, infection, overeating, obstructed intestine, illness (brain injury), appendicitis, and migraines. Nausea and vomiting might suggest the existence of more severe disorders such as kidney or liver abnormalities, central nervous system ailments, brain tumors, or cancer. The symptoms are quite common during pregnancy.

These symptoms are caused by different conditions such as concussions,pregnancy and the stomach virus. Adults and children alike may experience nausea without vomiting. A range of therapeutic options is available to alleviate these symptoms. Consuming ice-cold drinks and eating light, bland meals may assist in alleviating the symptoms.

Although nausea is often associated with the desire to vomit, vomiting is not always the consequence. Vomiting is defined as the violent, voluntary, or involuntary evacuation i.e. throwing up of stomach contents via the mouth, regardless of the cause. It may be caused by a variety of things, including infections, injuries, and food irritation in the stomach and intestines, dizziness and motion sickness.

Vomiting treatment consists of the following measures:

·         Consuming large quantities of clear beverages on a daily basis

·         Abstaining from solid meals throughout the vomiting episode

·         Resting

·         Discontinuing any oral medications for a period of time, since they may irritate the stomach and exacerbate vomiting

Similarly,to cure hangover nausea and vomiting it is important to rehydrate the body.

Causes

There are different causes of nausea and vomiting. Some of these include the following:

·         Motion sickness

·         Pregnancy

·         Intense pain

·         Food poisoning

·         Viral infections

·         Indigestion

·         Gallbladder disease

·         Emotional stress

·         Certain odors

The causes of vomiting differ according to the individual’s age. Viral infections, as well as food poisoning, are the most common causes of vomiting in adults, although motion sickness and diseases associated with high fevers may also produce vomiting. Vomiting is common in children and may be caused by motion sickness, overeating or overfeeding, viral illness, coughing, or food poisoning. Vomiting is possible as a consequence of a clogged bowel, although this is quite uncommon.

Nausea and vomiting are common symptoms of gastrointestinal disorders, whether they are chronic or long-term. Diarrhea, constipation, and other symptoms associated with these illnesses may occur in addition to stomach discomfort. Food intolerances, such as celiac disease, as well as dairy protein and lactose intolerances, are among the chronic illnesses that may develop.

IBS is characterized by bloating, nausea, and vomiting, as well as heartburn, fatigue, and cramps. When some parts of the digestive system become too active, it causes inflammation in the stomach.

Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel illness that mostly affects the intestines but may affect any part of the digestive tract. It is caused by a bacterial infection in the intestine leading to nausea and vomiting. Crohn’s disease is an autoimmune illness in which the body destroys and inflames its own healthy gut tissue. Symptoms include chronic inflammation, nausea, vomiting, and discomfort.

Migraine headache is also a common cause of nausea and vomiting.

Even while vomiting is usually innocuous, it might be an indication of a more severe sickness. Here are a few instances of dangerous illnesses that may cause nausea and vomiting, as well as their symptoms:

·         Encephalitis

·         Meningitis

·         Concussions

·         Brain tumors

·         Migraine headaches

·         Intestinal blockage

·         Appendicitis

The timing of nausea or vomiting might help figure out the cause. Food poisoning, ulcer, bulimia, gastritis or inflammation of the stomach lining, may produce nausea and vomiting quickly after a meal. One to eight hours after eating, food illness may cause nausea and vomiting. Other bacteria present in food, such as salmonella, may, however, cause symptoms for a longer time.

When to call a doctor

If you have nausea or vomiting, contact your doctor immediately. You should consult the doctor if:

·         Nausea lasts more than a few days or if there is a possibility of pregnancy

·         Home treatment is unsuccessful, dehydration is present, or known harm has occurred (such as a head injury or sickness)

·         Diarrhea and vomiting persist for more than 24 hours, or if there are signs of dehydration

Seek medical attention in case the vomiting persists for more than a few hours and the signs of dehydration show.

If a fever occurs, or if the child has not urinated in more than 4-6 hours, send the child to the doctor.

If any of the following occurs with vomiting, then it is crucial to see the doctor:

·         Blood in vomit

·         Stiff neck

·         Severe headache

·         Confusion or lethargy

·         Rapid pulse and breathing

·         Diarrhea