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Overview

Groin pain is a kind of discomfort that occurs in the groin area i.e. the region where the upper thigh’s inside meets the abdomen. Discomfort in the testicles may occasionally extend to the groin, but this is not the same as testicular pain.

Discomfort in the groin region may be caused by a variety of medical disorders affecting different organs, including musculoskeletal discomfort and pain associated with the male reproductive system. Acute groin pain may occur suddenly, while chronic groin pain may develop gradually over time, depending on the source of the discomfort. A muscle or tendon injury in the leg may result in radiating discomfort to the groin.

The healthcare provider will conduct a comprehensive physical examination and, if required, will order blood or imaging tests to ascertain the cause of your groin pain. The treatment plan may involve something as simple as rest and ice, as well as something more complicated, like physical therapy, or invasive technique, such as surgery.

Causes

The most common cause of groin discomfort is a muscle, ligament or tendon strain, which occurs most often in athletes who participate in sports like soccer, hockey or football. Pain in the groin area may develop abruptly after an injury or slowly over many weeks or even months. Continued usage of the damaged region may exacerbate any existing discomfort in the groin muscle.

Less frequent reasons for pain in the groin area include hernia, bone injury or fracture, and kidney stones. While testicular discomfort and groin pain are distinct occurrences, groin pain may sometimes be caused by a problem with the testicles.

The medical conditions that may cause groin pain in men include:

·         Hernia: It may cause groin pain in males and occurs when fat or an intestinal loop passes through a weak point in the lower abdominal muscles. There may be a bulge or hump in the groin or scrotum. Approximately one-quarter of all men will have this issue at some point in their lives. An obstruction in the abdominal muscular wall caused by an obstruction in the gut or fat may completely shut off the blood flow to the area. It may lead to the following symptoms: pain or redness, difficulty in passing poop and nausea and vomiting.

·         Prostatitis: It is the infection or swelling that occurs in the prostate gland leading to pain in the groin area. It is often accompanied by difficult or painful urination.

·         Epididymitis: This condition is characterized by the swelling of the testicular tubes where sperms are stored. It results in pain in scrotum, milky discharge and painful urination.

·         Orchitis: It is the enlargement of one or both testicles that may lead to infertility issues in men. The same infection that causes epididymitis may also be responsible for orchitis. Both situations are possible to occur at the same moment. Orchitis is a condition that may be caused by the mumps virus.

·         Testicular torsion: It occurs when a testicle becomes twisted within the scrotum. You may feel as though you have been kicked in the groin. The twisting (torsion) of your testicle causes the blood supply to the testicle to be cut off. Your testicle may die if it is not medically untwisted immediately after being twisted. It occurs more often in adolescents.

·         Kidney Stones: These are small crystals that are formed in the kidney and, if not removed, may get stuck in the tubes leading to the bladder. The discomfort may be intolerable. It is most often seen on the back or belly, although it may also be present in the scrotum or around the penis’ tip. Surgery may be required if the stone is extremely large.

·         Kidney infection: It is typical for a bladder infection to extend to one or both kidneys and become chronic. Groin pain, frequent urination, and the presence of blood or pus in your urine are all signs that you have the condition. E. coli is the kind of bacterium that causes infection. Antibiotics are used in the treatment of kidney infections.

When to see a doctor

Consult your doctor in case of experiencing any of the below symptoms:

·         Testicular discomfort that comes on suddenly or is very severe

·         Back, abdomen, or chest pain that radiates from the area

·         fever, chills, and nausea

Schedule an appointment with the doctor. The groin pain is very severe, and it does not improve within a few days after being diagnosed. In case of the following symptoms, you need to see your doctor:

·         Testicles are swollen or have a bulge

·         Blood in urine 


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