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Eye pain is any discomfort that can be felt in, on, behind, or around the eye. It is possible to have eye discomfort in either one or both eyes. Ophthalmalgia is a word used to describe pain in the eyes.

Severe, agonizing, or throbbing eye pain may strike one or both eyes at the same moment. Eye pain is much more severe than the irritation caused by dirt or a little foreign item in the eye. When a foreign item is removed from the body, the pain is alleviated. Other symptoms, such as redness and swelling in the eyelids or around the eyes, may occur in addition to eye pain. If your eye discomfort is not eased by resting your eyes, it may be a symptom of a more serious underlying health issue or injury, so get medical care as soon as possible.

In most cases, there is no need for medicine or treatment.

An eye complaint may show itself in one of two ways: as a reddening of the corneal surface or as a swelling of the corneal interior. Ocular pain manifests itself on the outside of the eye, while orbital discomfort manifests itself on the inside.

The pain on the surface of the eye is often associated with scratching, burning, or itchy feelings. Surface pain is often caused by an allergic reaction to a foreign object, an infection, or damaged skin. Eye drops or relaxation techniques are often effective remedies for this kind of eye pain. Further, within the eyeball, an unpleasant stabbing, or throbbing feeling that may last for many minutes may accompany the pain. This kind of eye pain may need additional medical attention.

Pain in the corner of the eye may be caused by inflammation of the tear ducts and styes. using warm compresses, gentle massage, and artificial tears may help to alleviate pain.


Eye pain may be caused by a variety of diseases and conditions. It could be the symptom of Covid, glaucoma, injury, conjunctivitis, and neuritis.

Some of the common causes of eye pain are listed below:

Infection: The spread of illnesses is caused by bacteria or viruses. Viruses and infectious organisms may be transmitted to the eyes in a number of ways, including rubbing the eyes or inserting a finger into or near the eyes.

Secondary infection: A secondary infection occurs when a disease spreads from one area of the body (such as the nose or sinuses) to another (such as the eyes). Inflammation or swelling also leads to the development of eye pain. Sinus inflammation, also known as sinusitis, due to the increased pressure causes pain behind the eye. Intraocular pressure build-up is the causative factor of eye pain. Sinusitis may also cause pain in the eye socket.

Another inflammatory condition i.e. optic neuritis causes pain behind the right eye. This is due to the inflammation of optic nerves.

Lenses: Dirty contact lenses may cause eye pain and redness.

Allergens: allergies to pollen or animal allergens also result in eye pain. Smoking, air pollution, chlorine in a swimming pool, and other chemicals may irritate and itch the skin leading to eye pain. Sharp pain in the eye occurs due to these allergens or any other debris that enters into the eyes.

Eye pressure: Increased eye pressure is another factor associated with eye pain. This illness may be caused by an imbalance in the fluid that surrounds the eyeball.

Applying too much pressure to the eye muscles causing them to flex excessively. Due to these contractions of an eye muscle, eyestrain may develop, resulting in a headache. Thus, many individuals suffer from eye pain and headache simultaneously.

Left eye pain may be a sign of a brain aneurysm. This happens when the blood arteries in the brain or the artery walls weaken, increasing the risk of bleeding or stroke.

When to see a doctor

Eye pain, coupled with vision loss, may be a symptom of a more serious medical issue. If you find that your vision is worsening while you are experiencing eye pain, make an appointment with your ophthalmologist as soon as possible.

A small scrape on the cornea, or anything more severe, may cause eye discomfort and redness. If your eye discomfort persists for more than a few hours after rubbing your eyes, you should seek medical attention. If you are suffering eye pain as a consequence of vision loss or an eye injury that interferes with daily activities, get medical care on an immediate basis. Eye pain accompanied by other symptoms like headache, redness, and swelling must not be ignored.

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